American Black Bear (Ursus Americanus) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name - American Black Bear

American Black Bear

Scientific Name : Ursus Americanus  

Type : Mammal 

Age : 15 to 30 years 

Diet : omnivore


Physical Characteristics:

Height : 1.3m – 1.8m

Weight : 100kg. to 270kg.

Size :

Top Speed : 30 mph 

Colour : Black , Dark Brown , Tan  

Skin Type : Fur 

Lifespan : 15 to 30 years 

Current Population : Upto 800,000

Current Population Trend : Increasing 

Native : North America



Main Pray : Fruits  , Nuts , Rodents

Habitat : Forest And Woodland 

Predators : 220

Average Litter Size : 3

Lifestyle : Nocturnal 

Favorite Food : Fruits

Amazing Facts

  • The scientific name for a American black bear is Ursus Americanus.
  • Black bear are the smallest of bear species in North America – grizzly and polar bears are larger.
  • Black bears stand 2 to 3 feet at shoulders and 4 to 7 feet long from nose to tail.
  • In Montana, black bears weigh between 180 to 400 pounds. The heaviest black bear ever weighed roughly 900 pounds.
  • On average, black bears live 20 years in the wild.
  • Black bears are omnivores that eat grasses, plants, fruits, insects, honey, small mammals, herbs, fruit, and fish
  • Black bears have five toes on their front and rear feet.
  • They have long, non-retractable claws that allow them climb trees.
  • Black bears can run up 40 to 50 km/hour.
  • Black bears do NOT have the large hump that grizzly bears have.
  • They hibernate from roughly October to April, but if you disturb a hibernating black bear, it will wake up.
  • Black bears do not eat, drink, urinate, or defecate during hibernation.
  • They breath once every 45 seconds during hibernation and drop their heart rate to 8 to 21 beats per minute.
  • There are estimated to be 600,000 black bears in North America.
  • A black bear has a home range of 15 to 80 square miles.
  • Females can give birth to up to 6 cubs every other year – 2 cubs is the average.
  • Gestation is 63 to 70 days. Cubs stay with their mom for up to 18 months.
  • Black bears can be hunted in 27 states, including Montana during the spring and fall.

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