Name - American Black Bear
Scientific Name : Ursus Americanus
Type : Mammal
Age : 15 to 30 years
Diet : omnivore
Height : 1.3m – 1.8m
Weight : 100kg. to 270kg.
Top Speed : 30 mph
Colour : Black , Dark Brown , Tan
Skin Type : Fur
Lifespan : 15 to 30 years
Current Population : Upto 800,000
Current Population Trend : Increasing
Native : North America
Main Pray : Fruits , Nuts , Rodents
Habitat : Forest And Woodland
Predators : 220
Average Litter Size : 3
Lifestyle : Nocturnal
Favorite Food : Fruits
- The scientific name for a American black bear is Ursus Americanus.
- Black bear are the smallest of bear species in North America – grizzly and polar bears are larger.
- Black bears stand 2 to 3 feet at shoulders and 4 to 7 feet long from nose to tail.
- In Montana, black bears weigh between 180 to 400 pounds. The heaviest black bear ever weighed roughly 900 pounds.
- On average, black bears live 20 years in the wild.
- Black bears are omnivores that eat grasses, plants, fruits, insects, honey, small mammals, herbs, fruit, and fish
- Black bears have five toes on their front and rear feet.
- They have long, non-retractable claws that allow them climb trees.
- Black bears can run up 40 to 50 km/hour.
- Black bears do NOT have the large hump that grizzly bears have.
- They hibernate from roughly October to April, but if you disturb a hibernating black bear, it will wake up.
- Black bears do not eat, drink, urinate, or defecate during hibernation.
- They breath once every 45 seconds during hibernation and drop their heart rate to 8 to 21 beats per minute.
- There are estimated to be 600,000 black bears in North America.
- A black bear has a home range of 15 to 80 square miles.
- Females can give birth to up to 6 cubs every other year – 2 cubs is the average.
- Gestation is 63 to 70 days. Cubs stay with their mom for up to 18 months.
- Black bears can be hunted in 27 states, including Montana during the spring and fall.