Asian Elephant(Elephas maximus) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name - Asian elephant

Scientific Name : Elephas maximus

Family : Elephantidae

Genus : Elephas

Order : Proboscidea

Type : mammal

Age : 60 years – 70 years

Diet : herbivores

Physical Characteristics:

Height :  2.40 m to 2.75 m

Weight : 2,041 and 4,990 kg (2.7 tons to 4.4 tons)

Length: 5.5–6.5 m

Top Speed :  25 km/h

Colour : dark grey to brown

Skin Type : dry with wrinkles

Lifespan : 60 years – 70 years

Current Population : 20,000 to 40,000

Current Population Trend : Declining 

Native : India and throughout Southeast Asia


Main food: eat roots, grasses, fruit, and bark

Habitat : dry to wet forest and grassland  

Average Litter Size : 1

Favourite Food : grasses and fruit

Amazing Facts

  1. The elephant is Earth’s largest land animal, although the Asian elephant is slightly smaller than its African cousin. Asian elephants can be identified by their smaller, rounded ears.
  2. Threats to wild Asian elephant populations include habitat loss from deforestation and agricultural development
  3. An adult elephant can consume up to 300 pounds of food in a single day.
  4. They demonstrate a wide variety of behaviors associated with high intelligence, including compassion, mimicry, grief, altruism, use of tools, and self-awareness.
  5. These elephants are extremely intelligent animals and are one of the only mammals known to recognize itself in a mirror. They are also very social, forming groups of six to eight elephants which is lead by an older female called a matriarch.
  6. Their tusks are worth a lot of money on the black market, so large-tusked males are in constant danger of being poached. Elephants are also captured alive for domestic use, such as tourist attractions.

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