Name - Asian elephant
Scientific Name : Elephas maximus
Family : Elephantidae
Genus : Elephas
Order : Proboscidea
Type : mammal
Age : 60 years – 70 years
Diet : herbivores
Height : 2.40 m to 2.75 m
Weight : 2,041 and 4,990 kg (2.7 tons to 4.4 tons)
Length: 5.5–6.5 m
Top Speed : 25 km/h
Colour : dark grey to brown
Skin Type : dry with wrinkles
Lifespan : 60 years – 70 years
Current Population : 20,000 to 40,000
Current Population Trend : Declining
Native : India and throughout Southeast Asia
Main food: eat roots, grasses, fruit, and bark
Habitat : dry to wet forest and grassland
Average Litter Size : 1
Favourite Food : grasses and fruit
- The elephant is Earth’s largest land animal, although the Asian elephant is slightly smaller than its African cousin. Asian elephants can be identified by their smaller, rounded ears.
- Threats to wild Asian elephant populations include habitat loss from deforestation and agricultural development
- An adult elephant can consume up to 300 pounds of food in a single day.
- They demonstrate a wide variety of behaviors associated with high intelligence, including compassion, mimicry, grief, altruism, use of tools, and self-awareness.
- These elephants are extremely intelligent animals and are one of the only mammals known to recognize itself in a mirror. They are also very social, forming groups of six to eight elephants which is lead by an older female called a matriarch.
- Their tusks are worth a lot of money on the black market, so large-tusked males are in constant danger of being poached. Elephants are also captured alive for domestic use, such as tourist attractions.