Brinjal (Solanum melongena) | Top Details, Best Uses, Amazing Facts

Common Names : Brinjal , Baigan , Egg Plant

Regional Name
Hindi : Baigan
Marathi : Vangi
Bengali : Bagun
Tamil : Kathirikai

Scientific Name : Solanum melongena

Height : 1 to 2 meters

Width : 50 cms to 100 cms

Water Need : Normal 

Light : Sun Growing

Mainly Grown For : Fruit And Seeds 

Flowering Season : Year Around Flowering 

Flower Colour : Purple

Leaf Color : Green 

Form : Upright Or Erect


Highlights :

Indigenous (native to India)

Thorny or Spiny


Climate – A long and warm growing season with a mean temperature of 20- 30 c is most favorable for its successful production.

Soil – Brinjal grows well drainage and fertile sandy – loam soil with a PH of 5.5 – 6.5 are best suited for its cultivation. A rich application of farmyard manure of green manuring practiced before transplanting.

Planting distance – Having 3-4 leaves are transplanted. The spacing generally recommended are 60cm x 45cm, 60cm x 60cm, 75cm x 60cm and 75cm x 75cm depending upon size and spread of the plant and duration of the bearing period.

Manuring and fertilizer – Application of organic manures has positive response on yield. Generally 100 – 120 kg nitrogen, 75 – 85 kg phosphorus, and 45 – 50 kg potassium are applied.

Watering – Timely irrigation is essential for good fruit set and its development. Drip irrigation is beneficial for reducing water use and weed control.

Harvesting – Brinjal fruits are harvesting when they have developed to a normal size have a good color the fruits are harvested with stalks at joints where they are attached to the branches. Fruits should be harvested in the afternoon in order to avoid sun scald.

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