Bulbul (Pycnonotidae) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name – Bulbul

Scientific Name : Pycnonotidae

Type : Birds 

Age : upto 11 years

Diet : herbivores

Physical Characteristics:

Length : 14 to 28 cm

Weight : 26 g To 46 g

Colour : one species is colourful with yellow, red or orange vents, cheeks, throat or supercilia, but most are drab, with uniform olive-brown to black plumage. 

Skin Type : Feathers

Wingspan : 28 cm(adults)

Current Population : XXXXX

Current Population Trend : XXXXX

Native : most of Africa and into the Middle East, tropical Asia to Indonesia, and north as far as Japan.


Main Prey : ranging from fruit to seeds, nectar, small insects and other arthropods and even small vertebrates.

Habitat : diverse tropical habitats 

Predators : cats, crows, coucals, snakes, and arboreal Calotes lizards

Favourite Food : fruits, petals of flowers, nectar.

Amazing Facts

  • The bulbuls were traditionally divided into four classes, which were named after the genera Pycnonotus, Phyllastrephus, Criniger, and Chlorocichla.
  • Bulbuls are usually monogamous. One rare example is the yellow-whiskered greenbul, which tends to be polygamous and engages in a lekking scheme at least in part of its range.
  • Few species often have alloparenting systems, in which non-breeders, typically the young from earlier clutches, aid in the rearing of the offspring of a dominant breeding pair. The female incubates up to five purple-pink eggs laid in open tree nests. Incubation usually lasts 11–14 days, with chicks hatching after 12–16 days.
  • Bulbuls and greenbuls, in general, are immune to human environmental pressures and withstand disturbed habitat. Human activities are known to be a threat to about 13 species, the majority of which are specialised tree species endangered by habitat destruction.
  • They are active, disruptive, and plain-colour birds that can cause harm to orchards.

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