Cricket (Grylloidea) | Characteristics, Habitat and Amazing Facts

Name - Cricket

Scientific Name : Grylloidea

Type : Insects

Diet : omnivorous

Physical Characteristics:

Colour : dark brown or black

Skin Type : hard shell called an exoskeleton covers the body

Lifespan : about 90 days

Current Population : Millions

Location : Worldwide

Number Of Species :  900

Facts

Main Prey : grasshopper eggs, and pupae of flies, moths and butterflies, potatoes, fish food

Habitat : forests, grasslands, wetlands, caves, beaches, and underground

Favourite Food : Dark leafy greens

Amazing Facts

  • Crickets range in length from 3 mm to 50 mm (0.12 to 2 inches).
  • They have small antennas, hind legs adapted for climbing, three-piece tarsal segments, and two thin abdominal sensory appendages (called cerci).
  • Male crickets create musical chirping sounds by rubbing a scraper on one forewing in a row of around 50 to 250 teeth on the opposite forewing.
  • The amount of chirps depends on the amount of teeth struck per second and ranges from 1,500 cycles per second in the largest cricket population to about 10,000 cycles per second in the smallest.
  • Nymphs hatch in the spring and become adults after 6 to 12 moults; adults typically live for 6 to 8 weeks.
  • Outside, house crickets feed on plants and dead or alive insects, like other crickets.
  • They will feast on fabric indoors, including clothes and carpets. Wool, hemp, silk and synthetic fabrics as well as sweat-soaked clothing are particularly enticing to house crickets.
  • As house crickets normally feed on the soil, they leave the area roughened by taking the fibres loose when feeding.
  • Crickets are drawn to your property for three reasons: food, shelter and lighting. You will find things to eat in your grass, greenhouse and flower beds. They will scavenge in your basement or cellar for more food, and other insects.
  • Since overwintering as larvae, the first generation of crickets hatches in the spring. As the nymphs begin to feed, they begin to develop and melt several times as they reach maturity. With their final juvenile moult, crickets are growing their wings, a period that also means their sexual maturity. Several generations will grow over the spring and summer.
  • Female crickets of most species lay single eggs in moist soil by injecting their ovipositors into the ground and extruded the eggs. A female cricket may lay as many as 400 eggs over a lifetime.

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