Dolphin (Delphinus Delphis) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name - Dolphin

dolphin

Scientific Name : Delphinus Delphis

Type : Mammal 

Age : 20 – 45 Years

Diet : Carnivore

 

Dolphin

Physical Characteristics:

Length : 2m – 4m

Weight : 100kg – 300kg

Top Speed : 25 mph

Colour : Black , White , Grey

Skin Type : Smooth

Lifespan : 20 -45 Years

Current Population : 600,000

Current Population Trend :

Native : South Asia 

Facts

Main Pray : Fish , Crab , Squid 

Habitat : Temperate Coastal Waters , Harbours And Bays

Predators : 220lbs

Average Litter Size : 1

Lifestyle : Pod

Favorite Food : Fish

Amazing Facts

They stick with their mothers for a long time


It is in the nature of the dolphins to stick with their mothers for a long time before they leave their pack. Some stay with their mothers for 3 or even 8 years!

Dolphins have 2 stomachs


One is used for storage of food and the other is used for digestion.

They dive up to 1,000 feet


Dolphins are known to be great divers. Being creatures of the sea, they can dive up to 1,000 feet underwater.

Dolphins can live up to 50 years!


Even though the average lifespan of dolphins is about 17 years, some can even live up to 50 years!

There are around 40 species of dolphins


There are around 40 different species. While the majority of them spend their lives in saltwater, many can survive just fine in freshwater. The smallest of their kind is 3-4 feet long, while the largest is 30 feet!

Dolphins help the sick or injured members


These caring creatures are often seen tending to the sick, the old and the injured in their group, which is known as ‘pod’.

Extremely intelligent animals


They are not only the friendliest or caring creatures but also the most intelligent ones. It is believed by scientists that comparing the ratio size of brain to body, dolphins take the 2nd place right after the humans!

Dolphins never chew their food


Dolphins never chew their food, they swallow it as a whole. Their teeth are used only to catch their prey.

They give themselves names


It has been proved by scientists that dolphins give themselves names. They develop their own individual whistles and they recognize theirs and other dolphins’ names.

They sleep with only half their brain


When they are asleep, one part of their brain remains alert and awake. This keeps them safe from potential predators, and enables them to breathe while sleeping.

Dolphins are very friendly to humans and animals


They love to play with members of their pods and are friendly to even humans. They are often seen playing and teasing other animals living underwater.

Dolphins can migrate if they don’t have enough food


Not known to many, Dolphins can migrate if their needs of food are not met. Even though they are not migratory animals, they will move to places where they have enough food and the climatic conditions are suitable to their body temperatures.

 

 They have delicate skin but heals quickly


Dolphins have very delicate skin, getting injured at the slightest touch of hard surface. However, due to their fast healing attribute, even the deepest of wounds can be healed within a short time.

Some can swim at 20 miles per hour


They can swim at the rate of 3 to 7 miles per hour. Some exceedthat and travel at the speed of 20 miles per hour.

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