Dragonfly (Anisoptera) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name - Dragonfly

Scientific Name : Anisoptera

Type : Insects

Diet : carnivores

Physical Characteristics:

Colour : yellow, red, brown, and blue; sometimes the wings have brown spots and bands.

Skin Type : exoskeleton(shed it to grow from soft to hard)

Lifespan : 6 months

Current Population : millions

Location : Worldwide except antartica

Number Of Species :  7000


Main Prey : insect

Habitat : shallow freshwater.

Favourite Food : butterflies, moths, bees, flies

Amazing Facts

  • Dragonfly were some of the first winged insects to form, some 300 million years ago. Modern dragonflies have wingspans of just two to five inches, but fossil dragonflies with wingspans of up to two feet have been found.
  • Dragonfly are scary whether you’re a gnat, a mosquito, or some other little insect. They’re not really running down their victims. Instead, they snag them out of the air with determined aerial ambushes. They are so professional that they have a success rate of up to 95% while hunting.
  • About half of the dragonfly’s head is eye, so they have an amazing vision that spans almost every perspective, except right behind them.
  • Not only are they agile, but they are swift, with some species achieving a maximum speed of 18 miles per hour (29 kph). They are also recognised for their stamina feats.
  • The region of the head of the odonate consists mainly of its immense compound eyes, which contain 30,000 facets, each of which contains details about the surroundings of the insect. Dragonfly have almost 360-degree vision, with only one blind spot immediately behind them.
  • Dragonfly does a wonderful job of supporting humans by managing populations of pest insects, particularly those that bother us most, such as mosquitoes and biting flies. A single dragonfly can be consumed anywhere from 30 to hundreds of mosquitoes a day.
  • Female dragonfly lay eggs in or near water, often on floating or emerging plants. When laying eggs, certain species may be totally submerged in order to lay their eggs on an appropriate surface. After about two weeks, an egg hatch and an embryonic dragonfly or nymph appears. The nymphs are not as beautiful as the adults are. The nymphs are not as beautiful as the adults are. They have tiny wings and a big lower lip that they use to capture their prey (often mosquito larvae).
  • Dragonfly nymphs are living in the water. They’re moulting as they rise (shed their skin). Nymphs of some species can take up to three years to mature. Most of the life of the dragonfly’s is spent in the larval stage below the surface of the oceans, breathing through internal gills and using extended jaws to capture other invertebrates or even vertebrates such as tadpoles and fish.
  • The oldest known dragonfly insect is 320 million years old and has a wing span of 8 inches. The biggest known dragonfly had a wingspan of 24 inches (two feet).

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