Indian Vulture(Gyps Indicus) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name - Indian Vulture

Scientific Name : Gyps indicus

Type : Bird

Age : 40 to 45 years 

Diet : Carnivore

Physical Characteristics:

Height : 81–103 cm

Weight : 5.5–6.3 kg 

Wingspan : 1.96–2.38 m

Top Speed : 30 mph

Colour :  Brown, Grey, Black, White, Tan 

Skin Type : Feathers

Lifespan : 40 to 45 years

Current Population : Nearly 30000

Current Population Trend : Decreasing 

Native : India(central India and Rajasthan mainly)


Main Pray : Rats, Small and large animal carcasses 

Habitat : Deserts and grassland near water.

Predators : Hawks, Snakes, Wild cats

Average Clutch Size : 1

Lifestyle : Solitary 

Favourite Food : Bone marrow

Amazing Facts

  1. A light brown, medium-sized vulture. It has whitish feathers on a dark head and neck, a pale bill, and a pale collar which is more prominent behind the neck. The juvenile has a dark bill, more white feathering on the head and neck, and browner plumage overall, with pale streaks on breast and belly.
  2. The species nests in colonies on cliffs and ruins, and occasionally in trees. Similar to Slender-billed Vulture, but Indian Vultures are not as lanky and have a paler bill and very tiny ear holes.
  3. Vultures are large, magnificent raptors, often referred to as nature’s own disposal system because of their scavenging habits.
  4. Nine species of vultures are found in India. The species worst hit were White-rumped, Indian, and Slender-billed Vultures. 
  5. Others were affected too, but not as badly, due to a number of factors, including their migratory nature (such as Cinereous Vulture and Eurasian Griffon) or their habitats being more remote and forested (such as Himalayan Griffon).
  6. Captive-breeding programmes for several species of Indian vulture have been started. The vultures are long lived and slow in breeding, so the programmes are expected to take decades.

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