Orchid (Orchidaceae) |Top Details, Best Uses, Amazing Facts

Common Names : Orchid

Regional Name

Hindi : orkid

Marathi : Ŏrkiḍsa

Malayalam : ōrkkiḍukaḷ

Tamil : Mallikai

Telugu : Ārkiḍlu

Scientific Name : Orchidaceae

Age : 2 to 3 months

Height : 8 to 12 inches 

Width : 3 to 5 inches

Water Need : once per 7-10 days

Light : strong light

Mainly Grown For : Flowers , perennial herbs

Flowering Season : fall, winter or spring 

Flower Colour : blue, red, pink.white,purple,yellow,green,orange,White

Leaf Color : Green

Form : grow in the air, rather than in soil.

Highlights :

  • Even the distinctive features of orchid flowers, such as pollinia (pollen masses), the joining of the stamens and pistil to form a column, and the tiny seeds without endosperm, can be found in other flowering plant groups. A flowering plant family known as the Orchidaceae arises from the combination of many characteristics.
  • Despite the fact that the family is mainly tropical, there are a few species that can be found in the northern and southern temperate zones. North of the Arctic Circle, at least four species have been found. Bogs, prairies, grasslands, and hardwood forests are home to a range of North Temperate Zone plants.
  • In tropical regions, the largest number of orchid species can be found in cloud-forest associations, which are usually found on mountaintops where clouds brush against the mountain day and night.
  • These trees are practically covered in mosses and lichens, and the ground’s inclination allows sunlight to pass through the foliage and hit the ground. Epiphytic orchids, members of the Gesneriaceae and Araceae families, ferns, and a number of other epiphytic plants grow in this area.
  • Only about 125 orchid species have been identified in Iquitos, Peru, on the Amazon River, with many of them being extremely rare. Orchids that do grow in rain forests prefer to grow in the tops of large trees, with large numbers of a single species inhabiting one tree while only one or two species inhabit another nearby tree.
  • Certain orchids are used in a wide range of conventional remedies and cures. The bulbs of Bletia purpurea are boiled in the West Indies, and the liquid is thought to treat fish poisoning. Women in Malaysia drink a drink made from boiled Nervilia aragoana leaves to stop sickness after childbirth.
  • Boils are handled with a poultice made from the whole plant of Oberonia anceps in Melaka (formerly Malacca), a state in western Malaysia. Spiranthes diuretica is a diuretic that is well-known in Chile. Catasetum mucilage is thought to be helpful for broken bones in some areas of Ecuador. Certain orchids are also used as food or supplements in different parts of the world.
  • The flower contains the primary characteristics that distinguish orchids as a group. The pedicel is the stem that supports an unspecialized non-orchid flower at the foot. A whorl of green, leaflike organs called sepals sits directly above and at the base of the flower.
  • A second whorl of coloured petals develops above and within the sepals. The perianth, which is made up of the sepals and petals, is the nonreproductive portion of the flower. The perianth protects the flower while also attracting pollinators. The sexual parts of the flower are within (also arranged in whorls).
  • The pollen-producing stamens are arranged in up to several whorls, with each stamen consisting of an anther attached to a long, slender filament. The female pistil is located in the centre of the flower and is made up of an expanded inferior ovary topped by a stalklike style with a stigma at its apex. The sepals and petals are normally the same colour, and they come in threes. As a landing, one petal is grown platform for the pollinator and is called the lip (or labellum).
  • The sexual parts of the orchid flower are distinct from those of other flowers in general, and they appear to describe the family. The number of filaments, anthers, style, and stigma is reduced, and the filaments, anthers, style, and stigma are usually fused into a single structure known as the column. At the apex of the column, the majority of orchids have just one anther.
  • Extrafloral nectaries secrete nectar on the outside of the buds or inflorescence (flower cluster) while the flower is growing, and infloral nectaries secrete nectar on the inside of the buds or inflorescence (flower cluster) while the flower is developing. At the base of the lip, shallow cuplike nectaries are popular. Some nectaries are found in long spurs that emerge from the joined sepals or the lip’s base.

Remarks 

Blue – Orchids come in a variety of colours, like blue tinted orchids. These orchids are extremely rare.

Red – Red orchids are associated with passion and desire, but they can also be associated with power and bravery.

Pink – Pink orchids are synonymous with beauty, joy, and happiness, as well as purity and femininity.

White orchids are associated with respect and modesty, innocence and purity, as well as elegance and beauty.

Purple orchids are associated with admiration, respect, dignity, and royalty.

Yellow – Orchids, also known as yellow flowers, reflect friendship, joy, and new beginnings.

Orange – Orchids of this colour reflect zeal, boldness, and pride.

Green – Orchids in this colour are believed to bring good luck and blessings. They are icons of good health, natural beauty, and longevity.

With flowers that seem to float in the air, this exotic flower adds elegance and grace to every occasion. They can be used as potted plants as centrepieces for special occasions or to add an unexpected flair to floral bouquets. As if that weren’t enough, orchids also provide the world with the sweet vanilla taste.

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