Sandpiper (Scolopacidae) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name – Sandpiper

Scientific Name : Scolopacidae

Type : Birds 

Age : upto 12 years.

Diet : Omnivore

Physical Characteristics:

Length : 18 cm To 24 cm

Weight : 21 g To 580 g

Colour : peachy tan with light blue accents. 

Skin Type : Feathers

Wingspan : 30 To 41 cm

Current Population : 240-456

Current Population Trend : Decreasing 

Native : worldwide except Antarctica and the driest deserts.

Facts

Main Prey : midges, fish, mayflies, flies, grasshoppers, crickets, beetles, worms, caterpillars, mollusks, crustaceans, spiders, and dead fish.

Habitat : river, ponds, or lakes. 

Predators : mink, weasels and a variety of raptors.

Favourite Food : small insects

Amazing Facts

·         Sandpipers have relatively long bills and legs, as well as long, narrow wings and small tails. Their colouring is often a complex “dead-grass” pattern of browns, buffs, and blacks on the upperparts, with white or cream below.

·         They are usually paler in the fall than they are in the spring. Some species have distinctive traits, such as speckled breasts, white rump bands, or contrasting throat patches, but their overall appearance is identical, making identification difficult.

·         Sandpipers forage on the shores and mud flats of ocean coastlines and tidal waterways, racing around the water’s edge and picking up spiders, crustaceans, and worms.

·         They lay four spotted eggs, which hatch into active, downy juveniles. Many sandpipers nest in the Arctic and sub-Arctic zones, and large flocks of them migrate through the North Temperate Zone on their way to breeding grounds.

·         Some couples swap on the nest in the morning and evening so that their incubation rhythm matches a 24-hour day; in others, each sex can sit on the nest continuously for up to 24 hours before being exchanged by its mate.

·         In species where only one parent incubates the eggs, the parent sits on the eggs almost constantly through the night and then leaves the nest for brief feeding bouts during the warmest part of the day.

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