Termite(Isoptera)| Characteristics, Habitat and Amazing Facts

Name - Termite

Scientific Name : Isoptera

Type : Insects

Diet : Herbivore

Physical Characteristics:

Colour : white to light brown

Skin Type : soft ,no skeleton

Lifespan : 15- to 17-year

Current Population : millions

Location : forests and greenland(worldwide)

Number Of Species :  2800


Main Prey : wood, grass, leaves, humus, manure of herbivorous animals, and materials of vegetative origin (e.g., paper, cardboard, cotton) 

Habitat : coniferous forests, and drywood or hardwood forest

Favourite Food : organic fiber found in wood, plant matter, paper, plastic , dry wall 

Amazing Facts

  • Though termites are not closely related to ants, they are often referred to as white ants.
  • The termites date back over 120 million years to the time of the dinosaurs.
  • Every year, termites inflict more than $5 billion in property damage-costs that are not protected by homeowners’ insurance plans. That’s why being careful about management of termite and extermination of termite is so essential.
  • Some termites feed on live plant material and can become major crop pests. Termites are also highly useful in helping to turn plant cellulose into compounds that can be returned to the environment to sustain new growth.
  • Subterranean termites rely on contact with soil moisture and usually enter the wood via the foundations of man-made structures. The most common conventional control used in the structure is to flood a shallow trench with an insecticide and cover it with dirt.
  • Dry-wood termites nest in the wood they feed on and do not enter the soil structure. Since their colonies are part of the system, they are difficult to manage.
  • The termite culture, or colony, is a strongly organised and interconnected entity. There is a caste system of division of labour depending on the composition, role and behaviour of the members of the colony. The main castes in the colony are the reproductive, soldier, and worker castes. Soldiers and workers are sterile and may be male or female.
  • Knowledge is transmitted primarily through sound, physical touch, and chemical signals. Visual cues may be used by people outside the colony where light is available, but they do not play a role in the interior of the dark colony.
  • The queen has been a “egg-laying machine” and will deliver as much as 36,000 eggs a day for many years. The king is 1 to 2 cm (0.4 to 0.8 inches) tall. In temperate areas, egg laying ceases or slows down during the winter months, while in tropical species it persists during the year.

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