Turtle (Testudines) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name – Turtle

Scientific Name : Testudines

Type : Aquatic Animal 

Age : 15 – 55 Years 

Diet : Omnivores

Physical Characteristics:

Length : 6 cm To 2.2 m.

Weight : 95 gm To 700 kg.

Top Speed : 35 kmph 

Colour : olive-green, yellow, greenish-brown, reddish-brown, or black

Skin Type : bony shell(top (carapace) and a bottom (plastron).)

Lifespan : 15 – 55 Years

Current Population : 6.5 million

Current Population Trend : endangered

Native : every continent, except Antarctica. Most turtle species are found in southeastern North America and South Asia. 


Main Prey : land turtles – skunks, raccoons, gulls, foxes, ravens, weasels, crows, herons and other turtles. sea turtle predators include killer whales and sharks.

Habitat : Oceans, Ponds, lake

Predators : Fishes, dogs, seabirds, raccoons, ghost crabs, Tiger sharks, killer whales

Lifestyle : Diurnal 

Favourite Food : fish pellets, as well as gut-loaded insects (bugs with nutrient-rich diets), earthworms

Amazing Facts

·        From the shallow seagrass beds of the Indian Ocean to the bright reefs of the Coral Triangle and the sandy beaches of the Eastern Pacific, seven different species of sea (or marine) turtles can be found in our oceans.

·        Human activities have tipped the scales against the ancient mariners’ survival over the last 200 years. Sea turtles are hunted for their eggs, meat, skin, and shells, and they are over-exploited.

  • Climate change has an effect on turtle nesting sites because it changes sand temperatures, which affects hatchling sex. Sea turtles are now classified as endangered in nearly all of their species, with three of the seven remaining species being critically endangered.

·        Sea turtles are an important component of marine ecosystems. They aid in the preservation of seagrass beds and coral reefs, which benefit commercially important species like shrimp, lobster, and tuna.

·        During their long lives, sea turtles travel between land and sea, swimming thousands of miles. They have to wait decades before they can breed, then lay their eggs on the same beaches where they were born. Females can lay hundreds of eggs in a single nesting season, but only a small percentage of those will survive their first year.


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