Wasp (Vespula vulgaris) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name - Wasps

Scientific Name : Hymenoptera/ Vespula vulgaris

Type : Insects

Diet : Omnivore

Physical Characteristics:

Colour : yellow to brown, metallic blue, and bright red

Skin Type : smooth

Lifespan : 12-22 days

Current Population : millions

Location : Worldwide

Number Of Species :  100,000

Facts

Main Prey : preying mantis, robber flies, dragonflies, centipedes, hover flies, beetles and moths 

Habitat : meadows, orchards, woodlands, playgrounds, cemeteries, and urban and suburban settings.

Favourite Food : sugars come from flower nectar and honeydew produced by aphids.

Amazing Facts

  • The eyes of a wasp are formed by a kidney. Wasps have two pairs of wings, the hind wings being smaller than the forewings. Their wings are extended longitudinally at rest and the portions of the mouth are modified for chewing and licking.
  • Wasps are essential to natural biocontrol. About any pest insect species has a predatory or parasite-like wasp species. Parasitic wasps are also increasingly used in the control of crop pests. Wasps are making a noticeable humming noise.
  • Wasps are social insects establishing colonies in nests specially built in soils, barks, roofs, and cavities in trees and walls. Wasps are commonly present in domestic housing. Wasps are social insects with a queen, who is much larger than the workers, and they establish a new nest every year. Nests are composed of wasp paper made from chewing wood and other plant debris combined with saliva.
  • A social colony is like a single entity except that it has a single set of genes to be repeated in the form of a new queen or queen. In the most advanced examples, seen in ants, some bees, and some wasps, the various castes are distinctly different in appearance from each other.
  • Wasps have chewing portions of the mouth and antennas with 12 to 13 segments. They’re typically winged. In stinging species, only females are equipped with a formidable sting that requires the use of a modified ovipositor (egg-laying structure) for piercing and venom-producing glands.
  • The Asian giant hornet (Vespa mandarinia) is the world’s largest known hornet, with some workers rising to almost 4 cm (1.6 inches) in body length and queens usually reaching that height.
  • Four main classes of solitary wasps are parasitic and do not construct nests. There are cuckoo wasps (Chrysididae family) in the Chrysidoidea superfamily, and tiphiid wasps (Tifiidae family), scoliid wasps (Scoliidae family), and velvet ants (Mutillidae family) in the Vespoidea superfamily.
  • Wasps are often usually predatory or parasitic and have stingers with few barbs that can quickly be separated from their prey.
  • Larvae of predatory wasp species typically feed on insects, while larvae of parasitic species feed on their hosts.

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