Fly (Diptera) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name - Fly

fly

Scientific Name : Diptera 

Type : Insects 

Diet : Omnivore

 

fly

Physical Characteristics:

 Colour : Brown , Blue , Black 

Skin Type : Hair

Lifespan : 15 To 30 Days

Current Population : 17 Million

Location : Worldwide

 

Facts

Main Pray : Nectar , Sap , Blood 

Habitat : Close To Organic Waste

Average Litter Size : 50

Favorite Food : Nectar

fly

Amazing Facts


  1. Some flies pollinate flowers.
  2. Flies recycle food waste (the cleaners), without flies the world is a much dirtier place to live in.
  3. Without flies, other species would become extinct: frogs, lizards, spiders, bats, dragonflies, fish, and birds.
  4. Decomposers: They encourage dead carcasses to decompose faster which then enriches the soil.
  5. A fly cleans itself constantly (may change the unclean perceptions we may have of them).
  6. They are water quality indicators.
  7. In areas of the world which have a lack of bees to pollinate flowers (arctic & alpine regions) flies act as pollinators.
  8. There is no protection for many fly species. This could be because the pesticide industry is such a big business and perhaps they are not classed as the more media-friendly cute creatures for such a protection.
  9. The use of pesticides on crops to try to kill flies and other flying insects is actually causing more damage to the ecosystem than the flies themselves.
  10. For the gardeners amongst you, the maggots larvae of hover flies feed on aphids reducing what gardeners could see as pests.

  1. Spread of Disease Through Flies:

    Flies can’t actually chew your food if they land on it, so the fly vomits stomach enzymes that break up the food for them to slurp with their proboscises. In addition, many houseflies will lay eggs on the food they are snacking on. If you are worried about getting sick from the acid vomited out the fly’s stomach, don’t fret (that’s only half your problem)! The real problem is the fly’s hairy legs and arms that could instantly infect it with Cholera or E. coli (or who knows what else) when it lands on your food. All this only takes a split second, so there’s no avoiding it if a fly lands on your food. Happy eating!

 

  1. Maggot Infestation:

    Most breeds of fly can lay maggots inside you. They will be more likely to choose you if you have an open wound that’s easy to reach, or you’re just unclean in general, but a couple types of flies (screw flies, botflies, etc.) can start a maggot infestation in the unbroken skin. If you let the maggot live under your skin (for…research purposes?), it will eventually burst out your skin, after having its fill on your flesh and blood, as a full-grown fly.

 

  1. Headless Fruit Flies:

    Fruit flies, a subspecies of fly, can live for several days without their wings, or their heads (but not both)! Some laboratories have genetically engineered a fruit fly generation that lives a mostly normal fly’s life (in a lab, at least), unaccompanied by wings. Female fruit flies have also been documented in genetic labs to live for a few days completely headless, and still doing activities such as preening themselves, walking, and flying. The males will still try to court the females.

 

  1. Nasty Breeds of Botfly:

    Botflies are by far the “queen bee” of the fly world. There are many different types of botfly, most of which sting or bite mammals. And some of which lay eggs under their skin (as mentioned earlier). Some botfly subspecies have truly fabulous names and purposes, such as:

  • European Deer Nose Botfly: Deer Nose Botfly larvae are called stag worms (as they apparently only affect male deer).

 

  • Tree Squirrel Botfly: Tree Squirrels with this botfly can be easily seen in parks. Their lumps can be quite big in size. Luckily, the Tree Squirrel botfly isn’t much harm to tree squirrels; a healthy, well-fed squirrel can survive with 5 or 6 of them no problem.

 

  • Horse Stomach Botfly: They get into the horses’ stomach by resting on the horse’s leg. And being licked up by the horse while it is grooming itself. They eventually end up in its stomach, where they grow and rest until they are full grown. At this point they fall out with the horse’s feces. It is possible for a horse to host about 100 botflies in their stomach at one time. That too without showing any exterior signs of having a botfly infestation.

 

  1. Defecating and Vomiting HouseFlies:

    House flies, the most common and the most human-interactive type of fly, defecate an estimated 3-5 minutes every day. They basically defecate any surface they can land on in time to, uh, evacuate their bowels. This can happen anywhere, anytime, including when a fly lands on you! Although this doesn’t happen every time a fly lands on a human, it’s certainly possible. Flies taste with their feet, so, if they think you taste good, (keep in mind that, from a fly’s perspective, dog poop tastes good, so you’d better hope the fly doesn’t think you taste good!) they might just vomit stomach juices on you in an attempt to liquefy your skin into something fly edible. Luckily, house fly vomit is not actually strong enough to break down human skin. But you still have to think about that tiny speck on your arm or leg that could carry disease

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