Gulmohar (Delonix Regia) |Top Details, Best Uses, Amazing Facts

Common Names - Royal Poinciana , Gulmohar , Peacock Flower

Regional Name

Hindi : Gulmohar
Marathi : Gulmohar
Bengali : Krishanachura
Tamil : Mayarum
Telugu : Shima

gulmohar

Scientific Name : Delonix Regia 

Age : 60 Years 

Height : More Than 12 meters 

Width : More Than 12 meters 

Water Need : Normal 

Light : Sun Growing 

Gulmohar

Mainly Grown For : Flowers

Flowering Season : April , May , June

Flower Colour : Orange , Red , Yellow 

Leaf Color : Green 

Form : Spreading , Weeping 

 

Highlights :

  • Attracts butterflies

  • Attracts bees

  • Recommended for creating shade

  • Quick growing trees

  • Suitable for avenue planting

  • Hanging or weeping growth habit

  • Salt or salinity tolerant

  • Good on seaside

 

Remarks 

 Can tolerate and grows well in a various climatic zones.

Will grow well in high rainfall as well ass drought prone areas.

One of finest flowering trees.

Soil should be well drained. Fertility can be variable.

Should not planted near lawns, paths and pools as there is a lot of small sized litter.

Is a relatively weak wooded tree. Can fall in storms and high wind.

Facts About This Tree

The flowers of the Gulmohar appear in loose clusters, each with five spoon-shaped petals that have wrinkly edges. Four are scarlet and one primarily white, with spatters of red and yellow on it. The tree blooms more when it gets an additional supply of water, apart from the ground water it has access to.

The tree has a shallow-root system, which makes it quite vulnerable to damage in storms. It doesn’t have much timber value; neither does it have too many medicinal uses. You’d be planting a Gulmohar for its shade and beauty. The light brown bark facilitates easy hole-excavations, making it a favourite among cavity-nesting birds like the Coppersmith Barbet, Brown-headed Barbet, Common Myna and more.

The Gulmohar has a cultural significance in Kerala. A popular belief is that when Jesus was crucified, his blood was shed on the flowers of the Royal Poinciana tree in the vicinity, which gave its flowers that vivid scarlet colour 

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