Lion (Panthera Leo) | Characteristics, Habitats & Amazing Facts

Name - Lion

Scientific Name : Panthera Leo

Type : Mammal  

Age : 8 – 15 Years 

Diet : Carnivore


Physical Characteristics:

Length : 1.4m to 2.5m 

Weight : 120 kg. To 249 Kg.

Top Speed :  35 mph

Colour : Brown , Gold , Tawny , Blonde

Skin Type : Fur 

Lifespan : 8 To 15 Years 

Current Population : 23000

Current Population Trend : Declining 

Native : Africa And North America 



Main Pray : Antelope , Warthog , Zebra 

Habitat : Open Woodland , Scrub , Grassland 

Predators : 264

Average Litter Size : 3

Lifestyle : Diurnal / Nocturnal 

Favorite Food : Antelope , Warthog , Zebra 


Amazing Facts

  1. Lions belong to the Felidae family. It is a pedigree of meat-eating animals commonly known as cats.
  1. Lions are the second largest big cat species in the world.
  1. The genus and sub-species of a lion are called Panthera Leo.
  1. Lions are the national animal of Ethiopia, Kenya, Libya, Luxembourg, North Macedonia, the Netherlands, Norway, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Sri Lanka, Togo, and England.\
  2. A baby lion is called a cub, lionet, or a whelp.
    1. The life span of a lion living in the wild ranges between 10 and 14 years.
    1. Lions are carnivorous, and they usually hunt big animals. A female lion needs approximately 5 kilograms of meat, and a male eats about 7 kilograms of meat every single day.
    1. Sometimes, a lion is referred to as hyper-carnivore as meat forms about 80% of its diet.
    2. Usually, female lions hunt for the pride while the male lions protect the territory and their cubs. They usually hunt from dusk till dawn.
      1. A lion can run at a speed of 80 kilometers per hour.
      1. Lions are the laziest among all the big cats. They spend most of their time resting and can sleep for approximately 21 hours a day.
      2. A two-year-old female lion grows up to two-thirds of an adult’s size.
        1. They preferably inhabit in the Savannah or grasslands.
        1. Lions are more social unlike the other members of the big cat family. Lions prefer to live in a pride that has more female lions and a few male lions to patrol and protect their territory and the cubs.
        1. The cubs are vulnerable to predators like leopards, hyenas, and black-backed jackals and have a mortality rate of 65-70%.
        1. A pride can be as small as three lions living together or as big as 40 lions together.
        1. On average, a female lion weighs 120 to 182 kilograms. Male lions are much bigger and heftier than female lions and weigh nearly 150 to 250 kilograms.
        1. The length of lions can be anything between 4.5 to 6.5 feet.
        2. The height of a male lion is about 72 to 84 inches, and that of female lions can be 63 to 72 inches tall.
          1. A lion’s mane is the most distinct feature that separates it from the others in the cat family. The mane starts growing at the age of one; lions with a darker mane have higher reproductive strength when compared to other lions.
          1. The gestation period of a lion is four months or 110 days. Like other cats, lionesses prefer to hide away while giving birth.
          1. A lioness can give birth to 2-4 babies at a time and keeps the infant cubs hidden for the first six weeks. Later, all the females of the pride take care of the cubs.
          2. A newborn cub weighs around 1.5 kilograms at the time of birth.
            1. Most wild lion population lies in the southern and eastern parts of Africa.
            1. Lions can leap as high as 36 feet. (Jaw-dropping!)
            1. Lions are ready to mate by the age of 3 or 4 years.
            1. African lions eat larger animals like zebras, antelopes, and other wild beastsf. The Asiatic lions, on the other hand, eat large as well as smaller animals.
            1. White lions are a rare find. Their skin color is due to a rare genetic condition caused by leucism.
            1. When the water is scarce, the lions drink fluids from wild melons. This is to avoid dehydration and retain moisture in their bodies.
            1. The territory of a lion can range anywhere from 260 to 300 square kilometers.
            1. Lionesses work together in a team while hunting, and the whole pride shares the kill. But they follow an order: the males eat first, then the females, and lastly the cubs.

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