Name - Crocodile
Scientific Name : Crocodylus Acutus
Type : Reptiles
Age : 20 – 70 Years
Diet : Carnivore
Length : 1.7m To 7m.
Weight : 18kg. To 1000Kg.
Top Speed : 25mph
Colour : Brown , Grey , Black , Dull Olive
Skin Type : Plate-Like Scale
Lifespan : 20 – 70 Years
Current Population : Above 200000
Current Population Trend :
Native : Australia
Main Pray : Fish , Crustaceans , Deer , Buffalo
Habitat : Rivers , Lakes , Marshes , Lagoons , Mangroves
Predators : 40
Number Of Species : 13
Lifestyle : Nocturnal
Favorite Food : Deer
Closest relatives of crocodiles are birds and dinosaurs.
Crocodiles vary in size. Largest crocodile species is Saltwater Crocodile which can reach 13-18 feet in length and weigh up to 2200 pounds. Smallest crocodile species is Dwarf Crocodile which can reach 5 feet in length and weigh up to 40-70 pounds.
Crocodiles don’t chew their food. They tear apart flesh and swallow large chunks of meat. They sometimes swallow stones to ensure faster grinding of the food in their stomach.
Expression “cry crocodile tears” is based on the true fact – crocodiles produce tears when they eat. They don’t cry because they feel sorry for the prey, but because they swallow too much air, which gets in touch with lachrymal glands (glands that produce tears) and forces tears to flow.
They have one of the strongest bites in the animal world. Muscles which induce closing of the jaw are much stronger than muscles which open the jaw. Because of that, people can use their bare hands to keep their mouth closed.
Only crocodile’s belly has a gentle skin. Skin on their back contains bony structures (called osteoderms) which make skin bulletproof.
Crocodiles have excellent eyesight (especially during the night). Their eyes can be seen as red dots while peeking from the water during the night.
Crocodiles mate during monsoon season. Female lays 20-80 eggs and take care of them 3 months.
Temperature of the nest determines the gender of the baby. When temperature is 31.6 degrees Celsius – males will develop. Temperature below and above 31.6 degrees induces development of females.
99% of crocodile babies will be eaten in the first year of their life by large fish, hyenas, monitor lizards and larger crocodiles.
Most crocodiles live 50-60 years in the wild. Some crocodiles can live more than 80 years.